Encyclopedia of Jazz Musicians
Araki, Jimmy (James)
Araki, Jimmy (James), alto saxophonist and trumpeter; b. 1926 d. 1991. He is credited with introducing bebop to Japanese musicians. After spending the war years at the Gila River Detention Center and performing in camp bands, Araki was drafted out of college to serve in the US Army as a translator at the Tokyo War Crimes tribunal. In his spare time Araki studied bebop theory and performance techniques, which he went on to share with native musicians. His compositions and arrangements ("A.P.O. 500," "Rock Romondo," "Boogie in C," "Tokyo Riff," and "A Night in Pakistan") formed the basis for the first "modern jazz" recording session in Japan in August 1947--performed, ironically, by an all-star band of trad and swing musicians known as the Victor Hot Club. The following year Araki and jazz critic Kobun NOGAWA organized a bebop study group and rehearsal band to perform Araki's original compositions and arrangements in Tokyo. Araki returned to the US in October 1949; after a brief stint performing with Lionel Hampton, Araki embarked on a successful career as a scholar of Japanese literature at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. He returned to Japan often throughout his career, occasionally jamming with his old friends (and arranging a recording session in 1959), and in 1991 was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun, Fourth Class, for his contributions to the study of Japanese literature and to the promotion of jazz in Japan.
Jazz Beat--Midnight Jazz Session (1959); Kogane jidai no Victor Hot Club (1973)
George Yoshida, Reminiscing in Swingtime: Japanese Americans in American Popular Music, 1925-1960 (1997).