Encyclopedia of Jazz Musicians

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Bowen, Jose (Antonio)

Bowen, Jose (Antonio), pianist, composer, educator; b. Woodland, CA, 11 March 1962.  The youngest of two, (Juan Carlos was born April 1, 1948), he spent time in Spain, Ireland, but mostly grew up in Fresno, California. His father, Wayne Bowen (b. 1923) was from Columbus, Ohio, and his mother, Celina Andux was born (1924) in Havana, Cuba.  Neither was a musician.

After failing the required school music aptitude test (the Seashore test after Stanford Music Psychologist Carl Seashore), Jose was relegated to group recorder classes and eventually wrote a piece on a toy organ which won first prize in a local contest and was performed by the Fresno Philharmonic Orchestra.  The conductor, Guy Taylor, encouraged the Bowens to buy a piano for their son and later taught him conducting (1977-79).  Classical piano lessons with Alan Rea (1974-80) led to an interest in jazz learned entirely through records and studio and commercial work in Los Angeles.

A BS in Chemistry at Stanford (1980-84) intervened before Bowen returned to jazz, leading the jazz ensembles at Stanford (1982-88) and playing with Stan Getz, Bobby Shew, Bill Watrous and Hubert Laws. Gigs and recordings with his quartet and the KA Wonton Little Latin Big Band kept him in the Bay Area, while finishing Stanford an MA in composition (1988) and a PhD in Humanities and Musicology (1992).  He moved to England in 1994to found the Centre for the History and Analysis of Recorded Music (C.H.A.R.M.) and began a jazz program at the University of Southampton, producing CDs with his Jazzmanix choir and his Southampton University Jazz Orchestra, and performing with Norma Winstone, Peter King, and Dave Brubeck.  He also contributed compositions to England's National Youth Jazz Orchestra (NYJO), England. 

He was the first holder of the Caestecker Chair of Music in the Department of Art, Music and Theatre at Georgetown University and the Director of the Music Program at Georgetown University in Washington DC. He is now the Dean of the School of Fine Arts at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio.

Bowen's interest in the relationship between the musical work and its performances has led to over 100 articles and reviews academic journals and books.  A period as a music critic developed his interest in conductors and conducting and led to his editorship of the Cambridge Companion to Conducting. 
Bowen conducts, performs and lectures in both Europe and the United States and his music has been heard on radio and TV broadcasts in Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Britain, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, South Africa, Sweden, Switzerland, and Uruguay.

His compositions and playing are featured on numerous recordings and include a suite for Hubert Laws and the Stanford String Quartet, a symphony  (nominated for the Pulitzer Prize in Music), a film score, and a concerto for Jerry Garcia.  His Jewish music (published by Transcontinental Music) is widely performed and includes a Jazz Shabbat Service  (which has received over 50 performances).  Other awards for his compositions include the Hubbell, Popular and Standard Awards (from ASCAP), the Louis Sudler Prize in the Arts, the Bell T. Richie Prize, the Koret Israel Prize and awards from the Jewish Music Commission and the Guild of Temple Musicians. 

Appearances and feature stories also include a wide range of media: BBC Radio 3, BBC Radio 4, BBC World Service and BBC Television, NPR, Danish National Radio, The Times (London), New York Times, Washington Post, BBC Music Magazine, Times Higher Education Supplement, the Times Technical Supplements and many local papers: San Francisco Chronicle, San Jose Mercury News, Chicago Sun Times, Sunday Express (London) etc.  He is a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA) in England and Founding Member of the National Recordings Preservation Board at the Library of Congress.

Awards:
National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Fellowship for University Teachers for his project The Conductor and the Score.
Set In Stone film score: National Educational Film Festival Award, World Archaeological Congress honoree. (University of California Extension, Center for Media and Independent Learning)

Recordings:
Beethoven's Blues (1988); A Jazz Shabbat Service (1990); Rachel Louis & Jose Bowen: Voice From the Annex (1991); The Garden (1999); A Klezmer Service for SATB choir, cantor, children's choir, violin, clarinet, tuba, drums, and keyboard (2001); A Jazz Shabbat for SATB choir, cantor, children's choir, and jazz sextet, recorded live at Georgetown University's Hallelujah Shabbat program in February 2003 (2003)

Recorded compositions:
"El Rey Pedro" on 47 Frith St., National Youth Jazz Orchestra, (1998); "Raging Hormones," "I Remember You" (by Victor Schertzinger and arranged by Bowen), and "Ballot Box" forthcoming on TBA, National Youth Jazz Orchestra (1998); "Raging Hormones" on Attitude, Southampton University Jazz Orchestra, (1999);

As sideperson:
Stanford Symphony Orchestra: Symphony No. 1 (Conductor) (1988); Stanford Jazz Band: Lime-Green Cadillac Blues (Producer, Director and Composer) (1987); K.A. Wonton Little Latin Big Band: Havana Nagila (Co-producer, Co-director, Composer and Pianist) (1992) Cory Cullinan: My Oyster (1996); Southampton University Jazz Orchestra and Jazzmanix: Jazz at Southampton (Producer, Musical Director, Composer) (1996), Reincarnation,(Musical Director, Composer) (1997); Hubert Laws and The Stanford String Quartet: Bathsheba and Her Suitors; San Francisco Symphony: Symbiosis-Elegy on Jerry Garcia (halted in progress)

Films:
Set in Stone, a 28-minute documentary on Stonehenge (1994)

Bibliography:
(All compositions published by Jose Bowen Music, ASCAP unless otherwise noted. Additional performance histories are listed below.)

Jazz compositions:
Jazz Orchestra (selections from recent recorded work);
Boogie 1am (text by Langston Hughes, music by Dave Brubeck), arrangement for jazz choir and jazz orchestra;
Raging Hormones (forthcoming from London: Stanza Music and on CD from the National Youth Jazz Orchestra);
I Remember You (Victor Schertzinger) arrangement (London: Stanza Music, 1998 and forthcoming on CD from the National Youth Jazz Orchestra); 
Salsalation! (El Rey Pedro) (London:Stanza Music, 1998), recorded on 47 Frith Street, National Youth Jazz Orchestra (1998) and on Reincarnation (1997);
Life Among the Box People, 1996, recorded on Reincarnation (1997) and forthcoming as Ballot Box on CD from the National Youth Jazz Orchestra;
7th Heaven, 1996, recorded on Reincarnation (1997);
Ghost, 1996, recorded on Reincarnation (1997);
Mr VC, 1996, recorded on Reincarnation (1997);
Funk in A, 1990, recorded on Jazz at Southampton (1996);
Lime Green Cadillac Blues, 1991, recorded on Jazz at Southampton (1996);

Large Jazz Works:
A Jazz Shabbat Service, Commissioned by Congregation Beth Am, Los Altos Hills.  (1989) (over 40 complete performances);
An American Ballet, Commissioned by Zohar Dance Co. (Jose Bowen Music,
ASCAP, 1989) Performances: Palo Alto, CA: 1989, 1994;
Jazz Choir (selections from recent recorded work);
Hallelujah Shout, 1996;
Blessing (SATB) (New York: Transcontinental Music Publications, 1996);
Thank You Mr. Brubeck, 1995, recorded on Jazz at the Southampton (1996);
Southampton Anthem, 1995, recorded on Jazz at the Southampton (1996);
May the Words, 1990; recorded on Jazz at the Southampton (1996);

Publications (Musicology):
The Cambridge Companion to Conducting (editor) (Cambridge University Press, 2004)  Contributors include Leon Botstein, David Cairns, Martyn Brabbins, Harold Farberman, Michael Haas, Sir Charles  Mackerras, Vance George, Michelle Edwards, Joseph Silverstein, Michael Rose, Stephen Johnson, David Nice, David Mermelstein, Bernard Sherman, and Stephen Wright.
A Guide to Discography (editor) (University of California Press, in progress)
The Conductor and the Score: A History of the Relationship between Interpreter and Text from Beethoven to Wagner  (in progress)
A Dictionary of Conductors (with Charles Barber) (University of California Press, forthcoming)

Journal articles and contributions to edited works:
"Performers Interpreting History: Finding 'Una voce poco fa'" (in progress)
"Introduction to Discography" Chapter 1 in A Guide to Discography, ed. Jose Bowen (University of California Press, forthcoming)
"Using Recordings in Research" Chapter 10 in in A Guide to Discography, ed. Jose Bowen (University of California Press, due December 2002)
"The Rise of Conducting" Chapter 6 in The Cambridge Companion to Conducting, ed. Jose Bowen (Cambridge University Press, in press)
"The Central European Tradition" Chapter 7 with Raymond Holden in The
Cambridge Companion to Conducting, ed. Jose Bowen (Cambridge University
Press, in press)
"The Missing Link: Franz Liszt the Conductor" Basler Jahrbuch fur Historische Musikpraxis Vol. 24, 2000 (Schola Cantorum Basiliensis: Basil, Switzerland, 2002), 125-150.
"Finding the Music in Musicology: Studying Music as Performance" in Rethinking Music, ed. Nicholas Cook and Mark Everist (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999), 428-455.
"Mendelssohn and Hegel: The Aesthetics of Musical Content" (Studi Musicali, 1999, No.  1), 243-277.
"Tempo Duration & Flexibility: Techniques in the Analysis of Performance" (Journal of Musicological Research, Vol 16, No. 2, July 1996), 111-156.
"Performance Practice versus Performance Analysis: Why Should Performers Study Performance?" (Performance Practice Review, Vol. 9, No.1, Spring, 1996),16-35.
"James Levine" and Seiji Ozawa" in Twentieth Century Conductors. ed. Gary A. Greene (Greenwood Press, in press)
"The History of Remembered Innovation: Tradition and Its Role in the Relationship Between Musical Works and Their Performances" (The Journal of Musicology, Vol. XI, No. 2, Spring 1993), 139-173.
"Mendelssohn, Berlioz and Wagner as Conductors: The Origins of 'Fidelity to the Composer'"  (Performance Practice Review, Vol. 6, No. 1, Spring 1993), 77-88; (reprinted in the Journal of the Conductors Guild Vol. 18, No. 2, Summer/Fall 1997), 76-84.
"Can a Symphony Change? Establishing Methodology for the Historical Study of Performance Styles" in Bericht uber den Internationaler Kongressder Gesellschaft fur Musikforschung: Musik als Text Freiburg im Breisgau1993,  2 vols. Kassel, Basel, London & New York: Barenreiter, 1998), Volume 2, (Freie Referate 6: Interpretation), 160-172
"A Computer-Aided Study of Conducting" (in Computing in Musicology, Volume IX, 1993-94), 93-103.

Reviews and reports
"Study Session 8: Research in music performance: new methods and tools" in Musicology and her Sister Disciplines: Past Present and Future, IMS Congress Report ed. David Greer (Oxford University Press, 2000), 479-480.
David Epstein, Shaping Time: Music, the Brain and Performance, (New York: Schirmer Books, 1994) Music Theory Spectrum, Vol 20, No 2, 1998), 311-318.
Scott Burnham, Beethoven Hero, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1995 and Tia DeNora, Beethoven and the Construction of Genius: Musical Politics in Vienna, 1792-1803, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995) 19th-Century Music, Vol 22, No 1, (Summer, 1998), 91-99.
John Rink (editor), The Practice of Performance: Studies in Musical Interpretation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995) Journal of the Royal Musical Association, Vol 123, No 1, (1998), 127-140.
Michael Chanan, Musica Practica: The Social Practice of Western Music from Gregorian Chant to Postmodernism. London & New York: Verso, 1994. (Notes, June, 1996), 1156-1158.
Barry Millington and Stewart Spencer (editors),Wagner in Performance. New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1992.  (Performance Practice Review, Vol 7, No. 2, Fall 1994), 248-252.
"CD Reviews" in The San Jose Mercury News, 1993-1994
"CD Reviews" Column in The Peninsula Times Tribune, 1989 - 1993
"CD Notes" Column in The Stanford Daily, 1985-86

Miscellaneous
"Sample Formats for Discography" Chapter 11 in A Guide to Discography, ed. Jose Bowen (University of California Press, due December 2002)
"Citations for Recorded Music" Chapter 12 in A Guide to Discography, ed. Jose Bowen (University of California Press, due December 2002)
New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Second Edn. 29 volumes, Ed. Stanley Sadie & John Tyrrell  (London: Macmillian, 2000)
www.grovemusic.com) Area advisor on conducting with Dr. Charles Barber

Contact information:
Jose Antonio Bowen, Dean and Professor of Music
School of Fine Arts, Miami University
112 Hiestand Hall
Oxford, OH 45056
PHONE 513-529-6010      FAX: 513-529-1992
EMAIL: bowenja2@muohio.edu
WEB: www.muohio.edu/josebowen

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