Encyclopedia of Jazz Musicians

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McIntyre, Makanda Ken (Kenneth Arthur McIntyre)

McIntyre, Makanda Ken [Kenneth Arthur McIntyre], multi-instrumentalist, composer, educator; b. Boston, MA, 7 September 1931, d. New York, NY, 13 June 2001. 

Played piccolo, flute, alto and bass flutes; oboe, English horn, bassoon; soprano, alto and bass clarinets; soprano, alto, tenor and baritone saxophones; piano, bass, and drums.  (Recorded on flute, alto saxophone, oboe, bassoon and bass clarinet).  Composed over 500 tunes, and nearly 200 arrangements, from lead sheets to complete orchestra scores. Changed his name to Makanda Ken McIntyre in 1991.  The name Makanda means "many heads" in Shona, and "many skins" in Ndebele.  His father, Arthur Augustus McIntyre (1892-1947), and his mother, Blanche Isobel Stewart (1902-1992), immigrated from Jamaica.  Makanda had one sister, Eileen (1932-2001).  In 1958 he married Charlotte ("Charshee") Lawrence (1932-1999).  They had two sons, Ken Jr ("Kaijee") b. 1960, and Kheil b. 1965.  In 2000, he married Joy Rosenthal (b. 1959).  Arthur played the mandolin.

Makanda studied piano from the ages of 9-13, and performed in choir at St. Cyprian's Episcopal Church as a child.  He bought an alto saxophone for $50 in 1950 at the age of 19, after hearing Charlie Parker, and studied with Charlie Mariano, Andy McGee and Gigi Gryce before being drafted into the Korean War in 1952.  While stationed in Japan, he taught himself flute and bass clarinet while continuing to study piano and saxophone.  Performed in Japan with Sadao Watanabe and Toshiko Akiyoshi.  Enrolled in Boston Conservatory upon his return, where he received his B.Mus. in 1958, majoring in composition with a certificate in Flute Performance.  Received his M.Mus. in composition from Boston Conservatory in 1959.  Earned an Ed.D. from UMass/Amherst in 1975. Makanda became one of the leaders of avant-garde jazz in the early 1960s, releasing 4 albums in as many years.  He released 5 more albums in the 1970s.  In the 1980's he created the Contemporary African American Music Orchestra (CAAMO), which performed extensively in the New York City area, including a performance at Carnegie Recital Hall.  He also toured as a sideman with Beaver Harris.  In the 1990's he toured with Charlie Haden and with his own group.  In 1998 he served as a Jazz Ambassador to the Middle East for the Kennedy Center/United States Information Agency.  He continued to perform until his sudden death of a heart attack in 2001. Makanda was also an educator - he taught all levels, from daycare through the university.  He began teaching in the New York City Schools in the 1960's and served on the faculties of Central State University in Wilberforce, OH (1967-1969), Wesleyan University in Middletown, CT (1969-1971), and at the State University of New York College at Old Westbury (1971-1995). While at Old Westbury, Dr. McIntyre designed and taught more than 10 new courses in instrumental music, arranging, history, theory and composition. He founded and chaired the American Music, Dance and Theater Program..  During that time he also served as an adjunct professor at Fordham University, New York, NY (1975-1981), and at Smith College, Northampton, MA (1970-1979).  He taught at the NAACP East Bronx Day Care Center, Bronx, NY  (1995-1997), and at the New School University Jazz and Contemporary Music Program (1990-2000).

The courses he taught included: Instrumental Music Improvisation (all instruments); Music Theory; Composition; Arranging; Orchestration; Creative Harmony; African American Music History; the Artist in Society; and Criticism of Black Music. Makanda also gave lecture demonstrations throughout his career, at places including Indiana State University, Notre Dame University, Bennington College, the American Association of Higher Education, Northwestern University, The University of Virginia at Charlottesville, Drexel University, The Jazz Schule in Luzern, Switzerland, The National Conservatory of Music in La Paz, Bolivia, Morehouse School of Medicine, Spelman College, The International Association of Jazz Educators, New England Conservatory, Cornell University, the Edna Manley School of Music in Kingston, Jamaica, the American Museum of Natural History, and Boston's African American Meeting House.

Stone Blues (1960); Looking Ahead (1960); Year of the Iron Sheep (1962); Way, Way Out (1963); Hindsight (1974); Home (1975); Open Horizon (1975); Introducing the Vibrations (1976); Chasing the Sun (1978); Tribute (1991); The Complete United Artists Sessions of Ken McIntyre (1997); A New Beginning (1999)
As sideperson:
Honi Gordon: Honi Gordon Sings (1962); Bill Dixon 7tette/Archie Shepp and the New York Contemporary Five (1964); The Jazz Composer's Orchestra: Communication (1965); Cecil Taylor: Unit Structures (1966); Michael Mantler/Carla Bley: 13 & 3/4 (1975); Wildflowers: The New York Loft Jazz Sessions (1976); Nat Adderly: Don't Look Back (1976); Beaver Harris 360 Degree Experience: Live at Nyon (1979), Safe (1979), Beautiful Africa (1979), Necaumongus (1979); Craig Harris: Aboriginal Affairs (1983); Various Artists: That's the Way I Feel Now - A Tribute to Thelonious Monk (1984); Andrei Strobert: Spirit Within Us (1985); Charlie Haden's Liberation Music Orchestra: The Montreal Tapes (1989), Dreamkeeper (1990); Tom Harrell: The Art of Rhythm (1997)
Unissued Recordings:
Over 200, including tapes with Reggie Workman, Jaki Byard, Rashied Ali, Lonnie Liston Smith, Warren Smith, Charli Persip, Patience Higgins, Onaje Alan Gumbs, Larry Ridley, the Sun Ra Archestra, Ron Carter, Beaver Harris, and the CAAMO Orchestra.

Radio and TV broadcasts/films and documentaries:
Last Date: Eric Dolphy (1990); Charlie Haden's Liberation Music Orchestra: The David Sanborn Show, NBC-TV (1990); Charlie Haden's Liberation Music Orchestra at Stuttgart Jazz Gipfiel (1991); Charlie Haden's Liberation Music Orchestra Montreal Jazz Festival (1992); Good Morning Kuwait (1998); Jazz Central (BET on Jazz TV) (2000)

Miracle on the BMT; Panama Canal Zone; The Box

Composition premieres:
"Horizons" premiered by Housing Authority Orchestra, Columbia University (1972); University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT: soloist with University Orchestra (1974)

African American Music: The Creative Process: A Study Guide (with Charshee McIntyre)  NY: KenKage Music Publishing, 1987
Studies for Guitar: NY: KenKage Music Publishing, 1977
Studies for Flute: NY: KenKage Music Publishing, 1970
Studies for Trumpet: NY: KenKage Music Publishing, 1970
Studies for Trombone: NY: KenKage Music Publishing, 1970
Studies for Saxophone: NY: KenKage Music Publishing, 1970
Album notes for Prestige Records: "Eric Dolphy" PR 24008, 1972; Eric Dolphy's "Fire Waltz," 1978 (PR24085), 1978; Beaver Harris' "Beautiful Africa," (SoulNote 121002), 1979;  United Artists: "Year of the Iron Sheep," (UAS 15015) 1962; "Way, Way Out," (UAS 6336) 1963; ,SteepleChase Records: Hindsight 1974, Home 1975, Open Horizon 1976, Introducing the Vibrations 1976, Chasing the Sun 1978.
Books, Magazine and Newspaper Articles about:
Makanda Ken McIntyre - 152 page unpublished biography/compilation of his published writings, by Derek Styles, Hungerford, England.  pdstyles@hotmail.com
Thinking in Jazz by Paul F. Berliner, Chicago Studies in Ethnomusicology (1994)
Jazz Lives by Michael Ullman, Washington DC: New Republic Books (1980)
 "A New Beginning for Makanda Ken McIntyre" by George Lane, www.GMN.com/jazz, April 2001
"Artist Profile: Unsung Hero of the Month: Makanda Ken McIntyre."  www.allaboutjazz.com/artists/HMcIntyre.htm.  April 2000
 "Makanda Ken McIntyre" by Valerie Vaccaro, Jazz Now, July/Aug 1997
"Inside Interview with Ken McIntyre" by Bob Rusch, Cadence, Vol 14, No. 11, November 1998 (cover story)
 "Composers in the Spotlight," by Charles Passy, New York Newsday, Nov. 7, 1989 Sec. II, p. 5
"Days with Dolphy," by Brian Case, Melody Maker, June 23 1979.
"Ken McIntyre: An Interview," Ais-Eiri, the Magazine of Irish America, Winter 1979.
"Ken McIntyre Named to Wesleyan Faculty," DownBeat, Oct 2, 1969
"Sports Discipline Aid to Maestro McIntyre," by Art Ballou, The Boston Gobe, Nov 6, 1966
"Ken McIntyre: A Musician's Philosophy," by Don Heckman, Downbeat, Nov 7, 1963. (cover story)
"Ken McIntyre, The Third Party," by Rudiger Wettley, Jazz Podium, Jan 1966


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